This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Food is the major source for serving the nutritional needs, but with growing modernization some traditional ways are being given up. Introduction India is known for its traditional medicinal systems—Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani. Table 1 Impact of modern food concept in required nutrition.
Deficiency is known to cause chronic diarrhea, malabsorption problems, and reduce immunity. Use of plastic containers is also harmful. Open in a separate window. Table 2 Some common medicinal plants having nutraceutical potential and their primary use in traditional medicine.
It supplies many female hormones and mostly recommended for those women who have hysterectomies. It also helps to maintain urinary tract and strengthens the immune system and also purifies the blood. Commiphora mukul Engl. Guggul A major ingredient in joint and immunocare and regarded as a remedy in Ayurvedic medicine; it increase white blood cell count to possess strong immuno-modulating properties. It also protects against the common cold as well as used in various other conditions like lower cholesterol and triglycerides, while maintaining the HDL to LDL ratio.
Cyperus scariosus Br. Nagarmusta Useful in supporting healthy genitourinary system and have hepatoprotective properties. HCA inhibits the enzyme ATP-citrate lyase that leads to reduce production of acetyl CoA, which is a key substance in fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Therefore, formation of LDL and triglycerides is very low. It also suppresses appetite by promoting synthesis of glycogen.
That way the brain gets signals of fullness and satisfaction sooner. Garcinia contains significant amounts of vitamin C and used as a heart tonic.
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Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Yashtimadhu, Licorice It is a versatile medicine in India and China, for gastrointestinal health. It is a mild laxative, soothes and tones the mucous membranes, and relieves muscle spasms. It is an antioxidant, cancer protecting, botanical boosting, and certain immune functions such as interferon production. Its mode of action is as an antimutagen, preventing damage to genetic material that can eventually result in cancer. Gymnema sylvestre R. It has been used in Ayurveda to regulate sugar metabolism for several centuries. It increases insulin production, regeneration of pancreas cells, and the site of insulin production.
Another property is abolishing the taste of sugar, so that Gurmarar has been effective to suppress and neutralize the craving for sweets. Melia azadirachta L. Nimba, Neem It has strong health alleviating activity, used as a tonic and astringent that promotes healing. The extract has antispasmodic action. Its usage in Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years has proved its detoxifying properties.
It has shown most beneficial effects for the circulatory, digestive, respiratory, and urinary systems. Momordica charantia L. Karela, Bitter melon Karela has been widely used in Ayurvedic medicine. It contains Gurmarin, a polypeptide considered to be similar to bovine insulin, and has a strong sugar regulating effect by suppressing the neural responses to sweet taste stimuli.
Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn Shigru, Horseradish tree Shigru contains physiologically active principles that is effective in a broad range of health needs. In the Ayurvedic system it is reported as an effective tonic for nervous system. Studies have demonstrated its usefulness maintaining optimum performance of the nervous system.
Nardostachys jatamansi DC. Jatamansi, Musk root Jatamansi is a relaxing plant, effectiveness for mental health. It is used in various Ayurvedic formulations as a potent ingredient. It has been shown effective in maintaining a restful sleep and with many menopausal symptoms. Piper longum L. Pippali, Indian Long Pepper Pippali is a powerful stimulant for both the digestive and the respiratory systems and has a rejuvenating effect on lungs.
It plays an important role in release of metabolic heat energy. This effect is the result of increased thyroid hormone level in the body. Pippali a typical Ayurvedic complementary component whose benefit is to increase the bioavailability and enhance absorption of the other active ingredients. Piper nigrum L. Maricha, Black pepper The black pepper is one of the most important spices which is widely used to amplify the body's ability to absorb nutrients contained in the food and aid the digestive process.
Bergenia ligulata Wall Pasanavheda It has the unique property like diuretic action with optimum urinary tract health. This important drug supports bladder by acting on the crystalloid-colloid balance and keeping calcium salts in solution. Terminalia chebula Retz. Haritaki Haritaki is a safe and effective purgative, expectorant, and tonic.
Tiphalpha is an important Ayurvedic medicine, which promotes health through successive steps of purification and detoxification. It is known to have strong antimutagenic activity, because of its very rich content vitamin C. Tinospora cordifolia Miers Guduchi Guduchi is a rich source of natural vitamin C and effective in inhibiting the growth of bacteria and in building up the immune resistance and has immune-boosting ability. Use of this plant increases white blood cells the killing ability of macrophages, the immune cells responsible for fighting invaders.
Withania somnifera L. Dunal Ashwagandha In Ayurvedic medicines Ashwagandha holds a place similar to Ginseng in traditional Chinese medicinal therapies. It is one of the best health tonics and restorative agents that have been used to treat general debility. Zingiber officinale Rosc Sunthi, Ginger Ginger is considered an adjuvant in many Ayurvedic formulas in which it enhances absorption and prevents gastrointestinal side effects. It is a very common spice which is used in Ayurvedic medicine to improve digestion and to prevent nausea.
These properties help bowel movements and relax the muscles which control the digestive system. Expanding Complementary and Alternative CAM Approaches More than 80 percent of people in developing countries cannot afford the most basic medical procedures, drugs, and vaccines. Table 3 Some important herbal formulations frequently used in traditional Ayurvedic system in India.
Nutraceuticals an Evolving Alternative Approach Nutrition is a fundamental need. Figure 1. Herbal Medicines in Dietary Supplements Dietary supplements and herbal remedies are popular complementary or alternative products for people.
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Nutraceutical Concept with Varying Definition The nomenclature for nutraceuticals is based on the segments it constitutes. Conclusion Although some uncertainty exists about the safety, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of CAM methods, expanding their use, where reasonable evidence of their effectiveness and good evidence of their safety exists, might yield health, social, and economic benefits [ 35 ]. Conflict of Interests The authors do not have any conflict of interests. References 1. Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of Medicine. Ballabh B, Chaurasia OP.
Traditional medicinal plants of cold desert Ladakh-Used in treatment of cold, cough and fever. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Indian herbal drug for general healthcare: an overview.
The Internet Journal of Alternative Medicine. Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine: a comparative overview. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
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Screening of 34 Indian medicinal plants for antibacterial properties. Samy RP, Ignacimuthu S. Antibacterial activity of some folklore medicinal plants used by tribals in Western Ghats of India. Kamboj VP. Herbal medicine. Current Science. Rabe T, Van Staden J. Antibacterial activity of South African plants used for medicinal purposes.
John D. One hundred useful raw drugs of the Kani tribes of Trivandrum forest division, Kerala, India. International Journal of Crude Drug Research. South African traditional herbal medicines used during pregnancy and childbirth. Anesini C, Perez C. Screening of plants used in Argentine folk medicine for antimicrobial activity. Cox PA. Ciba Foundation Symposium The ethnobotanical approach to drug discovery.
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Scientific American. Baohong JI. Drug resistance in leprosy—a review. Leprosy Review. Manandhar NP. Traditional medicinal plants used by Tribals of Lamjung District, Nepal. Red Data Book of Indian Plants. El SN, Karakaya S. Radical scavenging and iron-chelating activities of some greens used as traditional dishes in Mediterranean diet.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. Antimicrobial and phytochemical screening of medicinal plants of the United Arab Emirates.
Risk and safety assessment on the consumption of Licorice root Glycyrrhiza sp. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. Dietary anti-oxidant phenolics and flavonoids in coronary heart disease. Indian Heart Journal. Postnatal development and reproductive performance of F 1 progeny exposed in utero to an ayurvedic contraceptive: Pippaliyadi yoga. Pharmacological properties of Moringa oleifera. Screening of hundred Rwandese medicinal plants for antimicrobial and antiviral properties.
Antimicrobial screening of medicinal plants from Baja California Sur, Mexico. Mukherjee PK, Wahile A. Integrated approaches towards drug development from Ayurveda and other Indian system of medicines. Mashelkar RA. Cooper EL. Ayurveda is embraced by eCAM. Ayurveda and eCAM: a closer connection.
Traditional medicine to modern pharmacogenomics: Ayurveda Prakriti type and CYP2C19 gene polymorphism associated with the metabolic variability. Gavaghan H. Koop may set up new centre for alternative medicine. Complementary and alternative medicine. Disease Control Priorities in Development Countries. Narayana A, Subhose V. Support Center Support Center. External link.
Useful in supporting healthy genitourinary system and have hepatoprotective properties. Classic Composer — Top 10 and Selected Highlights. Composers of mighty symphonies, grand operas and intimate piano jewels; of timeless meditations, enchanting ballets and stirring film scores. The result was a dazzling array of composers from 15 countries, stretching across nine centuries of music. The full list of names was announced live on air over the long weekend in June, counting down from No. The timeless purity of medieval abbess Hildegard of Bingen; the sultry tangos of Astor Piazzolla.
Purchase and Stream here. Classic Composer. Classic Composer8CD box setWho is your favourite composer? There were those for whom this was an impossible task.
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But Australia did choose — in record numbers. Over , votes were cast, and every one had a story behind it. We heard the reasons why certain composers are an indelible part of your life: because of memories associated, or the feelings their music evokes, or often a reason beyond words. Beethoven was perhaps an unsurprising winner. For many, he is so important because he reflects the full palette of our own lives. And while your votes put the top four — rounded out with JS Bach, Mozart and Tchaikovsky — in a league of their own, other composers in the top were often just a handful of votes apart.
This boxset brings together music by all of the top composers — more than 10 hours of music across 8 CDs. Celebrate your favourites, and explore some new ones! One Hundred Days Away. What did the early Australian colony sound like? The opportunity to research the topic was presented in the form of the National Folk Fellowship.
The stylistic distinctions between these three genres of music are particularly blurred in Scotland where one commonly finds traditional Scottish airs used in chamber and orchestral music. When it came to recording these works, Shane needed a band of brilliant, versatile performers who could move seamlessly between styles and musical periods, who could play these works as they were intended to be played.
Part classical, part folk, part Scottish, part Australian, this album captures the musical — and emotional — landscape of the early Australian settlement. With music by the genre-bending Dr.
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Allan Zavod, words by Dr. Alan Finkel, narrated by Sir Richard Branson, and performed by the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra and conductor Benjamin Northey, this recording is a major international release that lends some musical muscle to the ongoing political and environmental fight against climate change.
Known for his unique creative blend of improvised jazz and classical music, Dr. The Environmental Symphony was his last major work before his death in They shared the belief that music and science could unite to provide a fresh insight into the problem of global warming. He has received many accolades and awards, and is passionate about science education. Since starting youth culture magazine Student at aged 16, Sir Richard Branson has found entrepreneurial ways to drive positive change in the world.
In Richard established Virgin Unite, the non-profit foundation of the Virgin Group, which unites people and entrepreneurial ideas to create opportunities for a better world. The Melbourne Symphony Orchestra is a leading cultural figure in the Australian arts landscape, bringing the best in orchestral music and passionate performance to a diverse audience across the nation and around the world.
Each year the MSO engages with more than 5 million people through live concerts, TV, radio and online broadcasts, international and regional tours, recordings and education programs. Big Band…! Made up primarily of emerging artists, most of them studying at the Sydney Conservatorium of Music, Jazz Connection is an elite jazz orchestra that fosters talented young jazz musicians, giving them the opportunity to perform live at prestigious festivals and venues such as the Sound Lounge Seymour Centre , Jazz Groove Association Club and the Sydney Opera House.
She continues to teach at the Sydney Conservatorium of Music. Recorded in a single day, the album captures the energy and creative flair of the band - which features up-and-coming soloists including Tom Avgenicos, Lachy Hamilton and National Jazz Award winner Alex Hirlian. The Best of Peter Sculthorpe. Released to coincide with what would have been his 90th birthday, The Best of Peter Sculthorpe brings together more than two hours of his best-loved and most iconic works, from solo piano works played by Tamara-Anna Cislowska, to orchestral works and concertos performed by great soloists William Barton, Karin Schaupp and Amy Dickson, and his 18th and final string quartet.
Born in Launceston on 29 April , Sculthorpe rose to international recognition by creating a uniquely Australian style of music. He died in , at the age of Music for Bali2. Song of Home4.
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